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Tuesday, January 2, 2018

Configuring SMTP in RHEL 7

Configuring Simple Mail Transfer Protocol in RHEL 7

Many programs use  SMTP to send messages about their status and so on. By default, postfix is configured to deliver all messages locally and not respond to incoming mails. If you have an environment of multiple servers, this can become quite tedious to log on to each server to check for new mail. This document will show you how to relay messages to a central mail relay or message store that also uses SMTP.

Postfix is installed by default on RHEL 7.

In this document, we'll combine several options:
We'll allow the server to accept incoming mails
We'll only allow the server to relay messages from recipients in the testdomain.local domain
We'll forward all mails to the mailhost.testdomain.local mailserver

To complete this document, perform the following steps:
Edit /etc/postfix/ with your favorite editor.
Modify inet_interface to accept mails on any interface through the following command:
      inet_interface = all
Add the smtpd_recipient_restrictions directive to only allow incoming mails from the testdomain.local domain, as follows:
     smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
     check_sender_access hash:/etc/postfix/sender_access, 
As you can see, the last two lines are indented. The postfix considers this block as one line instead of three separate lines.
Add the relayhost directive to point to mailhost.testdomain.local, as follows:
      relayhost = mailhost.testdomain.local
Now, save the postfix file.
Create /etc/postfix/sender_access with the following contents:
       testdomain.local   OK
Next, hash the /etc/postfix/access file using the following command:
       #postmap /etc/postfix/access
Finally, restart postfix, as follows:
       # systemctl restart postfix

To monitor your mail queue on the system, execute the following:
       # postqueue -p
Whenever your mail relay cannot forward mails, it stores them locally and tries to resend them at a later time. When you restore the mailflow, you can flush the queue and attempt delivery by executing the following:
       # postqueue -f
The kind of setup presented in this recipe is quite simple and assumes that you don't have malicious users on your network. There are software that allow you to mitigate spam and viruses. Popular solutions for this are spamassassin and amavis.

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