This Blog is to share our knowledge and expertise on Linux System Administration and VMware Administration

Friday, October 21, 2016

Reset the Root Password of RHEL-7 - Linvirtshell

Friday, October 21, 2016 0
Here is the procedure of what needs to be done in order to recover a forgotten root password on Redhat 7 Linux:
  1. We need to edit GRUB2 boot menu and enter user single mode
  2. Next, we need to remount / partition to allow read and write
  3. Reset the actual root password
  4. Set entire system for SElinux relabeling after first reboot
  5. Reboot the system from a single mode
Now that we understand the procedure we can proceed with Redhat 7 password recovery.

1. Edit GRUB2 boot menu

Start your system and once you see your GRUB2 boot menu use e key to edit your default boot item. Usually it is the first line:
Edit boot menu to initiate RHEL7 root password recovery
Once you hit e key you will see a screen similar to the one below:
Editing RHEL7 boot menu to enter single mode
Depending on you terminal screen size you may see more or less information. In case you have a small terminal screen size note the little down pointing arrow on the right edge of your screen. The arrow means that more text is available when scrolling down. Scroll down and locate a line with rhgb quiet keywords:
RHEL 7 boot line locate - edit
Move your cursor ( HINT: move to end of the line with CTRL+E ) on rhgb quiet keywords and replace them with init=/bin/bash as show below:
Edit grub to enter single mode to reset root password Redhat 7
Once you edit the boot line as show above press CTRL + x to start booting your RHEL 7 system into a single mode. At the end of the system boot you will enter a single mode:
RHEL 7 - entering single mode after system reboot

2. Read&Write root partition remount

Once you enter a single your root partition is mounted as Read Only ro. You ca confirm it with the following command:
# mount | grep root
In order to mount our partition with Read/Write flag we use mount with a remount option as follows:
# mount -o remount,rw /
Next, confirm that the root file system is mounted Read/Write rw:
# mount | grep root
All the above steps are show below:
Remount root filesystem as read&write on redhat 7 Linux server

3. Change root's password

Still in the single mode we can proceed with the actual root password recovery. To do this we use passwd command:
# passwd
You will need to enter your password twice as shown below:
Recover a forgotten root password on RHEL7 linux server

4. SELinux relabeling

The additional step which needs to be taken on SELinux enables Linux system is to relabel SELinux context. If this step is ommited you will not be able to login with your new root password. The following command will ensure that the SELinux context for entire system is relabeled after reboot:
# touch /.autorelabel
SELinux relabel system after reboot - Redhat 7 Server

5. Reboot System

The final step when resetting your lost root password on RHEL 7 linux system is to reboot. This can be done with a following command:
# exec /sbin/init

After reboot you will be able to use your new root password.